What is the Price of Bitcoin?

Bitcoin is a cryptocurrency developed in 2009 by Satoshi Nakamoto, the name given to the unknown creator (or creators) of this virtual currency. The blockchain records transactions and can be used to prove ownership.

Bitcoin is not backed by the government or issued by central banking like traditional currencies. Because bitcoin is not a corporation, buying a bitcoin will be different from purchasing stock or bonds. There are therefore no Form 10-Ks or corporate balance sheets to be reviewed.

Key Points

  • While buying stocks gives you ownership in the company, purchasing bitcoin gives you ownership of the cryptocurrency.
  • Bitcoin is not issued or regulated by any central government. It is therefore not subject to governmental monetary policies.
  • Bitcoin’s supply and market demand are the main factors that affect its price.
  • About 88.5% of the total bitcoin supply was mined as of December 2020.

Understanding the Factors That Determine Bitcoin’s Value


Bitcoin is not like traditional currencies. It is not issued or backed by any central bank. Therefore, the usual factors that influence currency’s value, such as inflation rates and monetary policy, do not apply to bitcoin. The following factors can influence bitcoin’s price:

  • The market demand for bitcoin is outpacing the supply
  • Cost of mining bitcoins
  • Bitcoin miners receive rewards for verifying transactions on the blockchain
  • There are many competing cryptocurrencies
  • It trades on the following exchanges
  • The regulations governing the sale
  • Its internal governance

Supply and Demand


A country without fixed foreign exchange rates may be able to partially control the amount of their currency’s circulation by changing the discount rate, changing requirements for reserve funds, or engaging in open-market operations. These options allow a central bank to potentially affect a currency’s exchange rates.

Two ways can the supply of bitcoin be affected. The first is that the bitcoin protocol allows for new bitcoins to create at a fixed rate. The market is constantly being updated with new bitcoins as miners complete transactions blocks. Over time, the rate at which new coins are introduced to the market will slow down. The growth of bitcoins has slowed to 6.9% (2016), 4.4% (2017), and 4.0% (2018).

This can lead to a situation in which the demand for Bitcoins rises faster than the supply, which can increase the price. The slowing of bitcoin circulation growth is due to the halving of block rewards offered to bitcoin miners and can be thought of as artificial inflation for the cryptocurrency ecosystem.

Supply may be affected by the number of bitcoins that are allowed to exist. The 21 million bitcoins that can be mined are capped. Once this limit is reached, new bitcoins will not be created. For example, the supply of bitcoin reached 18.587 million in December 2020, representing 88.5% of the supply of bitcoin that will ultimately be made available. Once 21 million bitcoins are in circulation, prices depend on whether it is considered practical (readily usable in transactions), legal, and in demand, which is determined by the popularity of other cryptocurrencies.

El Salvador declared Bitcoin legal tender on June 9, 20213. It is the country that made it legal. Any transaction that the business can accept cryptocurrency can be made using the cryptocurrency. El Salvador’s main currency is the U.S. Dollar.

The artificial inflation mechanism that results in the halving block rewards won’t have any impact on the price. However, at the current rate of adjustment of block rewards, the last bitcoin is not set to be mined until the year 2140 or so.


Although bitcoin is the most widely known cryptocurrency, many other options can be used to attract users’ attention. Despite bitcoin still being the most popular cryptocurrency in terms of market capitalization, other altcoins such as Ethereum (ETH), Tether(USDT), Binance Coin/BNB, Cardano (ADA), Polkadot, and Polkadot are all close competitors. Investors are happy with the low prices because of the crowded market. Bitcoin’s high visibility is a boon for investors.

Production Costs

Although bitcoins can be used as virtual currency, they are still manufactured products that have a real production cost. The most significant factor is electricity consumption. Bitcoin mining, as it is known, is dependent on complex cryptographic math problems that miners compete to solve. The winner is awarded a block full of newly-minted bitcoins and any transaction fee that has been accrued since the last block was discovered.

The unique thing about bitcoin production is the fact that, unlike other manufactured goods, it only allows one block of bitcoins per ten minutes. This means that the more miners (producers) who join the competition to solve the math problem, the problem will be more complicated and thus more costly for that ten-minute time interval 

Currency Exchanges Availability

As equity investors trade stocks over indexes such as the NYSE, Nasdaq, and the FTSE and other stock exchanges, cryptocurrency investors trade cryptocurrencies on Coinbase, GDAX, and other exchanges. Similar to traditional currency exchanges, these platforms let investors trade cryptocurrency/currency pairs (e.g BTC/USD, bitcoin/U.S. dollar).

It is easier to attract additional participants to the network effect if an exchange becomes more popular. It may also set rules for how currencies are added to it, capitalizing on its market power. The Simple Agreement for Future Tokens framework (SAFT) is an example of how ICOs can comply with securities regulations. These exchanges have Bitcoin, which implies that there is a certain level of regulatory compliance regardless of where cryptocurrencies are located.

Regulations and Legal Matters


Regulators are currently pondering how to classify digital assets due to the rapid growth of bitcoin and other cryptocurrencies. The Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC), classifies cryptocurrencies securities. However, the U.S. Commodity Futures Trading Commission (CFTC) considers Bitcoin a commodity. Despite the escalating market capitalizations, there is still uncertainty about which regulator will regulate cryptocurrencies.

The market has also witnessed the introduction of many financial products that use Bitcoin as an underlying asset such as futures and exchange-traded funds.

Two ways this can affect prices are: It allows investors to buy bitcoins without having to pay for them. This increases demand. It can also reduce volatility in price by allowing institutional investors to place bets on bitcoin’s futures being over-or undervalued.

Governance Stability and Forks

Bitcoin is not controlled by any central authority. Instead, developers and miners are required to process transactions and maintain the security of the blockchain. Software changes are consensus-driven, which can frustrate bitcoin users since fundamental issues often take a while to resolve.

Scalability is a major problem. The size of the blocks determines how many transactions can be processed. At present, bitcoin software is capable of processing approximately three transactions per second. This was not a problem when there was very little demand for cryptocurrency, but many fear that investors will be more interested in cryptocurrencies with faster transaction speeds.

There is much disagreement within the community about how to increase transaction volume. Changes to the rules governing the use of the underlying software are called “forks.” “Soft forks” pertain to rule changes that do not result in the creation of a new cryptocurrency, while “hard fork” software changes result in new cryptocurrencies. Bitcoin cash and bitcoin gold have been hard forked in the past.

FAQs: What gives Bitcoin value?

How is Bitcoin Value Calculated?

The supply of Bitcoin and the demand for it in the market are key factors in Bitcoin’s value. Its value is also attributed to other factors, such as alternative digital currencies–including their supply and price–availability, and mining rewards. The average marginal cost for producing a bitcoin at any time can be calculated using the block reward, electricity price, mining difficulty, and energy efficiency.

What Causes Bitcoin’s Value to Rising?

Bitcoin’s maximum limit is approaching, so the demand for it rises. Due to the increased demand and limited supply, bitcoin’s price has risen. Additionally, bitcoin is becoming more popular as a payment method and more institutions are accepting it.

Bitcoin is extremely safe thanks to its cryptography and robust protocols. It’s also easily accessible through many exchanges. You don’t have to buy a whole bitcoin to be able to own it. It is also possible to purchase fractional shares, which increases its value and attractiveness.

How does Bitcoin make money?

Bitcoin does not, however, represent ownership of a company or entity. Bitcoin ownership is the same as owning US$1 in paper currency. As bitcoin prices rise, so do the rewards that bitcoin miners receive for verifying blocks. For example, if you purchased 100 coins at $65.52 (100 x $65.52 = $6,552) on July 5, 2013 (bitcoin’s record low) and held it until its all-time high of $61,683.86 on March 13, 2021, you would have $6,168,386.

Why is Bitcoin so valuable?

While bitcoin’s demand is growing, the supply of bitcoins is decreasing. The average block size is reduced by half every four years, and the last bitcoin will be mined around 2140. Unlike other manufactured goods, bitcoin’s supply rate cannot rise in response to increased demand.

Price increases are a result of a supply-demand imbalance. For its potential to hedge inflation, bitcoin is favored by investors, consumers, and companies. This popularity has led to an increase in demand and consequently a higher price.

Why do Bitcoin prices fluctuate between up and down?

The price of bitcoin fluctuates due to a variety of factors, including speculation, media coverage, and availability. Negative press can cause panic in bitcoin owners who sell their shares and drive down the price. Positive press is reversed. The price drops when there is more bitcoin on the market. The price of bitcoin rises as more institutions adopt it as an investment option and medium for exchange.

Many people are now looking for alternative ways to store their money, as they have lost faith in fiat currency. Bitcoin is an unregulated and decentralized alternative that drives up its value.

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